Restore a configuration

Restore a configuration on a Ledger Nano S device to restore, replace or clone a device. The Ledger Nano S will recover the private keys associated with an existing recovery phrase.

Note: Initialize your device to generate new private keys and save the associated recovery phrase.

Before you start

  • Get the recovery phrase to restore. BIP39/BIP44 recovery phrases are supported.
  • Update to the latest firmware version.
  • Verify your computer has:
    at least Windows 7, macOS 10.8 or Linux.
    - a USB port. Use an adapter for USB-C ports.
    - an internet connection.

Start restoration

  1. Connect the Ledger Nano S to your computer using the micro USB/USB cable.
  2. Press both buttons simultaneously as instructed on the device.
  3. Press the left button located above the cancel icon when asked Configure as new device?
  4. Press the right button located above the validation icon to select Restore a configuration?

Choose a PIN code

The length of the required PIN code varies:

  • Firmware version 1.3 or higher requires a PIN code between 4 and 8 digits long;
  • Firmware version 1.2 or lower requires a 4-digit PIN code.

To set your PIN code:

  1. Press both buttons when Choose a PIN code is shown on the device.
  2. Press the right or left button to choose the first digit of your PIN code.
  3. Press both buttons to select the digit.
  4. Repeat the process until all digits of your PIN code are selected.
  5. Select the check icon (✓) and press both buttons to enter the PIN code.
  6. Enter the PIN code again to confirm.


Enter recovery phrase

  1. Press the right button to choose the length of your recovery phrase (12, 18 or 24 words). Press both buttons to enter.
  2. Choose the first letter of Word #1 by pressing the right or left button. Press both buttons to select the letter.
  3. Select the second letter of Word #1. Repeat until the device shows suggested words to choose from.
  4. Choose Word #1 from the suggested words. Press both buttons to select it.
  5. Repeat the process for each word of your recovery phrase.
  6. Your device is now ready is displayed if you've successfully entered your recovery phrase.


If your recovery phrase is not valid

  1. Make sure the correct recovery phrase length is selected. Always enter all words of a recovery phrase.
  2. Verify that the order of the words entered on the device matches the order written on your Recovery sheet.
  3. Check that all the words of your recovery phrase are on the BIP39 word list.